Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II who was a lover of astronomy, mathematics and astrophysics founded Jaipur on 18 November 1727. The city was named after him when he shifted the capital from Amer to Jaipur due to growing population and scarcity of water. Jaipur was a planned city and the layout was based on several traditional architectural treatises like the Vaastu Shaastra.
Under his reign, large number of printer families migrated to Jaipur from Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat, some of which settled in Sanganer and others in Bagru. They flourished under the reign of maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and Bagru soon grew to be famous for one of the elite clusters of Block Printing in the country and beyond.
The characteristic wooden prints of Bagru are commonly referred to as the Bagru prints. These prints of Bagru involve a procedure that is different from other prints. This exclusive technique of printing utilizes wooden block in it. In the beginning, the desired design is carved out on the wooden block first and then this carved block is used for reproducing the design in the chosen colour on the fabric. Chhipa Mohalla (printer's quarter) is an area in this town where most of the people are textile printers by occupation. If one walks along this quarter, one can always find people absorbed in artistry with dyes and blocks.
Bagru is located in the eastern part of Rajasthan at the co-ordinates of 26.82Â°N 75.55Â°E, about 20 km. from the capital city of Jaipur. It has an average elevation of 431 metres (1417 ft.).
By air - The closest airport is Jaipur Airport at a distance of around 25 km from Bagru and is the main air gateway to Jaipur and its surrounding places. There are direct flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Aurangabad, and some other cities from Jaipur.
By rail - There are many trains that connect Jaipur and other cities in Rajasthan.
By road - From Delhi, there is a direct and well-maintained road to Bagru via Jaipur.
It is surrounded by the Sikar District on the north, the state of Haryana on the extreme northeast, the Alwar and Dausa districts on the east, the Sawai Madhopur District on the southeast, the Tonk District on the south, the Ajmer District on the west, and the Nagaur District on the northwest.
Bagru is a city as well as a municipality in Jaipur district in the state of Rajasthan in western India. The district headquarter of this district is the city of Jaipur, which is the largest city and the capital of Rajasthan. The total area of the district is 11,152 square km. It has a population of 5,252,388, and the density of population is 471 persons per square km. Bagru has a semi-arid hot climate with monsoon months bringing in 650mm of rain from June to September, the summer months of April to early July having average daily temperatures of around 30Â°C and the winter months of November to February are chilly with average temperatures ranging from 15 to 18Â°C.
There are many educational institutes within Bagru, including the Government High Secondary Schools for girls and boys. As per the 2006 India census, Bagru records a population of 1,28,498. Males and females respectively comprise 52% and 48% of the population. The mean literacy rate of the town is 52%, lower than the national average of 59.5%. 66% of the males and 34% of the females are literate. 18% of the population is children below six years of age. The cluster has a number of petrol pumps, hospitals and markets serving all daily requirements from basic to luxurious.
The architecture of Bagru includes very modern looking houses made of cement and utilizing newer designs for interiors. The schools of the cluster are small and classes sometimes even conducted in the open. The printing centres are located in large brick structures with lots of ventilation where a number of long printing tables are arranged parallel to each other and wooden shelves across the walls hold boxes full of old blocks.
Bagru has a substantial Hindu population, with a few Muslim families as well. Hindi and Rajasthani are the most commonly spoken languages. The Rajasthani culture is colourful and flamboyant. It is rich in heritage. Famous dances of Jaipur include Ghoomar and Chari; the Chari dancers dance gracefully on a pot with a lit Diya on their head. Traditional instruments like Sarangi, Ektara, and Jhalar are also played while singing folk songs. Food or the local delicacies of Bagru also reveal the culture of the city; the utterly delicious mangodi, papad, khichdi, buttermilk, sohan halwa have no match.
The prominent festivals celebrated are:
Teej-This festival is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati; celebrated during the month of monsoon July-August by married women who pray for a long and happy marital life.
Gangaur fair- Idols of Issar and Gangaur, manifestations of Shiva and Parvati, are worshipped by women, particularly those unmarried women who wish for a consort of the likes of Shiva.
Elephant festival-This is celebrated during the month of Holi. The elephants are caparisoned, their bodies painted with floral decorations by the mahouts and paraded around with great pomp.
Rajasthan is a land with vibrant culture and a thousand-year-old heritage; the culture epitomizes the very essence that the state stands for royalty, chivalry, legacy, history, festivals and colours. The brown-skinned desert people are quite affable and win the hearts of the tourists with their sweet smiles and warm and cordial hospitality during any hour of need. People of Bagru and Jaipur have been greeting their guests with regal courtesy and genuine affection for decades. Even in the era of kings and dynasties, these common people have left behind legends of loyalty, affection and compassion. Despite being rugged in their appearance, the people of Jaipur are well built, cheerful and simple. These desert folk are hardly touched by the swiftness of modern times. The people of Jaipur prefer to wear bright coloured clothes and probably compensate for the barren landscape. The women are often seen clad in dazzling colours like Red, yellow, green and orange attires with eye-catching embroidery of gold, silver zari or gota. The tribal ladies of Jaipur love to adorn themselves with loads of Silver jewellery and the men too are often seen wearing earrings. The men wear turbans or pagadis of bandhej that is made in the process of tie and dye in bright colours.
Bagru is typical of traditional Rajasthani hamlets with small ways of modernization and westernization entering into it. The Chiapas are the local dominant caste of this village, though they fall in the category of Other Backward Castes (OBCs). Other colours of the caste rainbow of Bagru include Rajputs, Muslim, Jats, Brahman, Buniyas, Kumavat, Regar and other supporting castes. The Chhipa community, harbinger of Indian tradition in hand block printing, is under stress of an invasion of mechanised and modern techniques of production which is threatening to replace their traditional way of life. Traditional agriculturists, like the Rajputs and Jats, undertake agriculture, as a means of livelihood. The Baniya Community handles petty business. Muslims are the main suppliers of labour to Chiapas. Bagru is a perfect example of communal harmony