Sanganer began as a sleepy village located on the edge of a broad riverbank in the Dhundhar region of Rajputana now known as Rajasthan. Topographically, Sanganer was located on prime, fertile land at the band of the Aman-I-shah River. Although dams upstream now restrict the water flow, older residents of Sanganer still call the former river course Saraswati Nadi. The Kachchwaha Rajput prince, Sangaji, founded Sanganer in the early 16th century and the little dwelling was thriving by the 17th century partially due to its strategic location on major trade routes. Reminders of Sanganer's architectural heritage are still visible in the older quarters. Remnants of crenellated walls with gateways surround primarily 17th century public buildings and private 'havelis' mansions located within the crumpling ramparts. In 1727, Maharaja Jai Singh moved the capital from Amber in the Aravalli foothills to his new city of Jaipur situated on the plains below. The ruler recognized the importance of relocating close to Sanganer and established trade routes. In turn, Sanganer enjoyed increased activity because of its proximity to the bustling, new city. From then on, Sanganer's fate became entwined with the fortunes of Jaipur. After 1947 when the princely states of Rajputana were integrated into Rajasthan with Jaipur as the capital, Sanganer rapidly evolved from a satellite town into an industrial suburb of this rapidly expanding city.
The geography of Jaipur is significant. It has its location in Rajasthan state of Indian continent. It is the state capital of Rajasthan encompassing total area of 200.4 km2 (77 SQ MI). Strategically, Jaipur lies approximately at 26.92Ã‚Â° N 75.82Ã‚Â° E. Its height rises to approximately 432 meters or 1417 feet above the mean sea level. From Jaipur, popular tourist locales of the northern India, namely Delhi, Agra, Jodhpur, Udaipur, and Jaisalmer are not far off and also are connected by rail, road, and airports. It stretches to 232 km from Agra, 350 km from Gwalior and also 405 km from Udaipur. Places in the neighborhood form the boundaries of this Jaipur city. Sikar and Alwar bind it in the northTonk; Ajmer and Sawai Madhopur constitute the southern boundaries of Jaipur. Also Nagaur, Sikar and Ajmer lie in the west, Sanganer to the south.
Jaipur has a semiarid climate under the Koppen climate classification, receiving over 650 millimeters (26 in) of rainfall annually but most rains occur in the monsoon months between June and September. Temperatures remain relatively high throughout the year, with the summer months of April to early July having average daily temperatures of around 30 Â°C (86 Â°F). During the monsoon there are frequent, heavy rains and thunderstorms, but flooding is not common. The winter months of November to February are mild and pleasant, with average temperatures ranging from 15' 18 Â°C (59' 64 Â°F) and with little or no humidity though occasional cold waves lead to temperatures near freezing.
By Air - Jaipur Airport at a distance of around 11 km from the city center, is situated in Sanganer. There are direct flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Aurangabad, and some other cities from Jaipur.
By Rail - There are many trains that connect Jaipur and other cities in Rajasthan; Palace on Wheels is a dedicated train for tourists. Other important trains include, Shatabdi Express and Pink City Express both from Delhi.
By Road - From Delhi, there is a direct and well-maintained road to Jaipur. City is connected to most of the tourist destinations in Rajasthan as well as Agra. Jaipur is part of the Golden Travel Circuit of India that includes Delhi, Agra, and Jaipur. Most of the tours are conducted either through the buses or trains.
One of the most prominent Jain temples here is the 'Shri Digambar Jain Temple' that resembles the Dilwara Temple structure at Mount Abu. The sky-high structure, complete with an ornate inner chamber, 'shikhars' (spires), intricate designs and a Parshwanath shrine protected by 7 serpent hoods, are the highlights of this temple. In the midst of underground portion, there is located an ancient small temple guarded by the Yaksha. The sacred temple has got seven underground floors, which are kept closed due to old religious beliefs, and visitors are not allowed to see them. It is said that only a Balyati ascetic Digambara saint can enter in it and able to bring out the Idols of this underground temple for a limited period, which is declared and decided previously. The idols thus brought out for viewing (Darshan) of devotees, must be placed back with in auspicious signs. The temple came in light when Muni Sudhasagar ji, a disciple of Acharya Vidyasagar ji visited the underground floors. He brought valuable, never seen before, Jain Murti made of precious stones from the underground floors in the presence of more than five lac Jain disciples.
The Hindu community, closely followed by a substantial percentage of Muslims, Sikhs and Jains, largely populates Jaipur. Hindi and Rajasthani are the most commonly spoken languages. The Rajasthani culture is colourful and flamboyant. It is rich in heritage. Famous dances of Jaipur include Ghoomar and Chari; the Chari dancers dance gracefully on a pot with a lit 'Diya' on their head. Traditional instruments like Sarangi, Ektara, and Jhalar are also played while singing folk songs. Food or the local delicacies of Jaipur also reveal the culture of the city. Jaipur's utterly delicious mangodi, papad, khichdi, buttermilk, sohan halwa have no match. There are a few prominent festivals celebrated in Jaipur.
- Married women who pray for a long and happy marital life celebrate 'Teej', a festival dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati, during the monsoon months July-August.
- Gangaur fair - Idols of Issar and Gangaur, manifestations of Shiva and Parvati, are worshipped by women, particularly the unmarried women who wish for a consort of the likes of Shiva.
- Elephant festival - This is celebrated during the month of Holi. The elephants are caparisoned, their bodies painted with floral decorations by the mahouts and paraded around with great pomp.
Jaipur is a land with vibrant culture and a thousand-year-old heritage. The people of Jaipur primarily speak Hindi in the Rajasthani accent. However, there are deviations according to various regions. The people of Jaipur are called as Jaipuris in the eastern part of Rajasthan and their culture epitomizes the very essence that the state of Rajasthan stands for royalty, chivalry, legacy, history, festivals and colors. The brown-skinned desert people are quite affable and win the hearts of the tourists with their sweet smiles and warm and cordial hospitality during any hour of need. People of Jaipur have been greeting their guests with regal courtesy and genuine affection for decades. Even in the era of kings and dynasties, these common people have left behind legends of loyalty, affection and compassion. Despite being rugged in their appearance, the people of Jaipur are well built, cheerful and simple. These desert folk are hardly touched by the swiftness of modern times. The people of Jaipur prefer to wear bright colored clothes and probably compensate for the barren landscape. The women are often seen clad in dazzling colors like Red, yellow, green and orange attires with eye-catching embroidery of gold, silver zari or gota. The tribal ladies of Jaipur love to adorn themselves with loads of Silver jewelry and the men too are often seen wearing earrings. The men wear turbans or pagadis of bandhej that is made in the process of tie and dye in bright colors.
The town of Sanganer is well known for the handmade paper industry and the Jain temples. The prints manufactured at Sanganer are also extremely popular and are unique in design. Floral, bold and block prints with bright patterns on a white background are the typical USPs of this settlement. At present, there are about 10 paper industries in Sanganer and countless Jain temples. Apart from the temples, the ruins of archaic palaces and frequent excursions to Hindu temples are also the highlights of the town.