Bassi was established by Prince Jaimal of Devgarh in 1560. An artisan named Prabhat was brought from Malpura in Nagaur by one of the members of Royal family. He was given a farming land of ten bigha and a modest house to live. The house still exists in Bassi and it is called "Bheda ki Guwadi". Soon many families came and settled around this land; hence it was named "Bassi".
Bassi is located in the Jaipur district of Rajasthan. It is 25.9 kms from Jaipur. The surrounding villages are Manoharpura (5.7 km), Ramsar Palawala (6 km), Toda Bhata (6.2 km), Jhar (6.3 km), Manota (6.5 km). Near By towns are Jamwa Ramgarh (18.4 km), Jaipur (23.7 km), Sanganer (26.7 km).
Bassi lies at the elevation of 403 m above sea level. It is 236 km from the state capital Jaipur. Being situated in the area of Aravalli range, the village has a rocky terrain with one large pond located at the corner of village.
By Rail- Chittorgarh is the nearest railway station. From chittorgarh one can hire a taxi or take a bus up to Bassi.
By Road- National highway 76 directly connects Bassi to two major cities of Rajasthan i.e. Kota and Chittorgarh. Being at close proximity to Chittorgarh, variety of local conveyance facilities is available. One can also reach Bassi through the well connected network of buses by "Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation".
By Air- Udaipur airport is the nearest airport to Bassi, while Jaipur is the nearest International airport.
The climate of Bassi is generally dry, the maximum average temperature during summer is 41.5 degree Celsius and during winters it is 25 degree Celsius. Being hot and dry, the temperature recedes only after the arrival of South West monsoon towards June end. As the monsoon departs in mid September, the temperature rises again and falls steeply during later months of the year. The average rainfall is 760 mm. The area around Bassi is less prone to earthquakes as it is situated on comparatively stable geological plains. The common crops cultivated in Bassi region are mahua, baheda, saded, aam and jhinjha. The local vegetation includes pipal, banyan, bael, dhak, kaith, datura, indrokdhav.
Bassi village enjoys a close proximity to Chittorgarh city; hence many of the infrastructural facilities are based at city. The village has 24 hour electricity supply. It also houses a Government Senior Secondary School to equip the youth of the village with best education. Bassi wildlife sanctuary and the Bassi fort attract many tourists throughout the year. One can easily find gratifying local cuisine in the local market. A Bank and a 24 hour ATM service is also available at Bassi.
Bassi village is formed by several intersecting narrow streets and labyrinths. Houses are generally built by locally available sandstones, several red brick houses can also be found as one treads across the village. Majority of houses have flat roofs with a Chowk in the front, many houses have a separate area inside the plot which is dedicated to cattle rearing, hence attaining sufficient production of milk.
Bassi is a village with majority of Hindu population. The residents follow the rituals prevalent in Mewar region. Still men and women in Bassi adorn themselves in traditional clothes; dhoti, kurta, safa for men and kurti, kanchali, ghaghra, odni for women.
Majority of population at Bassi is invloved in agriculture. The village has the gender ration of 970 females per 100 males. Mostly Rajasthani and Hindi is spoken by the residents.
Bassi fort: The Bassi Fort was built in the 16th century by Thakur Jaimal of Sisodia dynasty. He was a great warrior and had a lineage where six of the ancestors of Rawat Sahib Kesri Singhji, the present head of Chundawat family laid down their life defending Mewar and the famous Chittaurgarh Fort. Set picturesquely atop a hill, the quiet luxury of the palace offers a retreat into an aesthetically beautiful environment. Its towering gates, domes, arches, corridors & Mahals takes one back to the royal extravagance of the past. The Bassi Fort Palace has been converted into a Heritage Hotel with well furnished rooms & suites preserving its old charm, dÃ©cor and grandeur.
Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary: Sanctuary is situated 5 km from Bassi fort on Vindhyachal range; it is a vast forest with tableland, gentle slopes, huge lakes and flowing water channels. Bassi and Orai are two main dams which come under the sanctuary area. Panthers, wild boars, antelopes and migratory words can be seen in this breathtaking landscape.
Hunting lodge (Audhi): Many hunting facilities were constructed across the forest near Bassi for Royal recreation. With special features such as bunkers and loopholes for shooting and viewing animals, this hunting lodge provides a breathtaking view of green terrain with Orai and Bassi dams.
Bassi wooden crafts: Bassi houses some of the most vivid traditional wooden crafts, these crafts have attained international recognition. The craftsmen here make eloquently painted Kaavads, furnitures, sculptures etc.
Nagri: Nagri is an ancient township, flourished under Mauryan period. On the banks of river Bairach, the excavations have unearthed magnificent coins and architectural heritage.