About 100 to150 years ago, 'Budhni' was a completely forested area lying on the banks of River Narmada, and was uninhabited till 1954 AD when the first settlers arrived. The chief occupations of these settlers were selling of milk and the easily available river fish.
Budhni is believed to have been originally called 'Buddha Nivasini' meaning the abode of Buddha. According to legend Lord Buddha is believed to have lived on the river banks of Narmada.
The sidhpeeth of Vindhyavasni devi is located near Budhni and is considered highly sacred. The village has slowly evolved into a center of lacquer woodwork craft and there has been an establishment of textile industries.
Budhni is located on the lower middle portion of Madhya Pradesh on the Bhopal- Hoshangabad road at a distance of around 70 kms from Bhopal. It lies in the central Narmada Valley, and is just on the northern fringe of the state's Satpura Plateau. Located near the center of the state, Budhni is surrounded by Madhya Pradesh districts on all sides. To the north, lies the district of Raisen, to the south is Betul district, to the east is the district of Narsinghpur, while the Harda district lies to the west. Chhindwara district is located on the southeast while the Sehore district lies to the northwest.
Budhni lies in the central Narmada Valley and on the northern fringe of the Satpura Plateau. It lies between the parallels of 22 degree 15 minute and 22 degree 44 minute east. In shape, it is an irregular strip elongated along the southern banks of Narmda River.
The villages situated near this town are Aankhmau, Bachwada, Ganera, Gora, Nasirabad and Baglon. The towns of Kesla (41km), Sohagpur (33 km) and Babai (17 km) are also located near Budhni.
The climate of Budhni is temperate and experiences all four seasons. It is at a height of 331 meters from sea level and witnesses an average rainfall of 134 centimeters. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 32 degree Celsius and 19 degrees Celsius, respectively. Overall, the climate of the district is neither too hot nor too cool except in the winter season of the Pachmarhi.
'Pachmarhi' is one of the main tourist attractions and an eco-reserve of the district. The best time to visit is during the winter season (November-January).
By Air- Connected via Bhopal Airport.
By Rail- Budhni Railway station lies on Western Central Rail track between Bhopal and Itarsi junction. All express trains stop at Hoshanagbad station.
By Road- Budhni is situated on Bhopal-Hoshanagbad Highway at around 70 km from Bhopal and 7 km from Hoshanagbad.
Topographically, Budhni has a fertile soil that consists chiefly of black basaltic alluvium deposited by River Narmada. The western part of Budhni has a level ground that is broken up by ridges and low, stony hills. This is contrasted by the peaks and ranges of Vindhya and Satpura range. The southern region is composed of a valley that is locked by Scenic Mountain ranges that contrast the barren Vindhya mountain range locate in the north.
Budhni is supported by two main rivers Narmada and Tawa, which meet at the Bandra Bhan village. Many streams and tributaries flow down from the mountains and flow across the plains into waters of river Narmada. While these streams are not significant, the River Tawa is, since geologists have discovered that many minerals can be found along its course. Aside from this, the only rivers of any importance are Narmada and Tapti.
Budhni is mainly an agricultural region and soil is very fertile owing to the waters of River Narmada. The river also provides sands and tiles which the district export to other regions. The principal crops are wheat, oil-seeds and millets. Aside from agriculture, main trades include handicrafts, leather, silk and pulses.
Budhni is a small village with the nearest town being Hoshangabad. There are several primary and higher educational schools established in Budhni and this developing village now boasts of primary infrastructure like the Budhni hospital, schools, government banks, railway station and colleges.
The artisans living near 'Budhni Ghat' live in houses made of mud and with walls plastered with dung. These houses have roofs made with metal sheets that slope down to provide shade in front of the entrance. There is a front porch area which the artisan uses as a work space for wood lacquering. These houses usually have rooms built one behind the other and one needs to pass through all the rooms to reach the interior most room.
The other kinds of houses are the slightly modern brick and concrete houses that the residents of Budhni live in. These are small tenements which are single or double storeyed and have white washed walls.
People of Budhni are very religious, and it is believed that village was once the abode of Lord Buddha. 'Budni Ghat' situated on river Narmada has a religious importance, and many religious devotees visit to perform pujas, cremations and other religious rituals along the banks of the river. Many fairs are also held on the river banks, where people from nearby areas visit. 'Narmada Jayanti' and 'Basant Panchami' are two main celebrations attended by people of nearby areas.The important fairs and festivals celebrated at Budni Ghat are Vishwakarma Jayanti, Makar Sankrati, Amavsya, Purnima, Mahashivratri, Navratri, Ramnavmi, Vaishakhi, Akshaya Tratiya, Shani Jayanti, Ganga Dushhera, Guru Purnima, Haryali Amavsya, Hartalika Teej, Janmasthmi, Anantchoudas, and Dushhera.
Since the village is located closer to Bhopal city, influences of city culture can be seen among the clothing of the people, as they wear trousers, shirts and women wear saris. The Vishwakarma community and the Lodhis are the main residents of Budhni ghats where they practice wood lacquering craft.
Budhni ghat- This is situated on the river banks of Narmada, and has a local religious importance. The 'Ghat' is considered sacred and is also a space where the community gathers for events both religious and recreational.
Hushang Shah Fort - This is an old fort built by Malwa ruler 'Hushang Shah' and is located adjacent to river Narmada.
Bandhrabhan- A holy fair takes place every year at Bandhrabhan as it is a meeting point of the two main rivers Narmada and Tawa.
Salkanpur- Goddess Durga temple lies approximately 35 km from Hoshangabad and can be reached via Budhni or from the Bhopal-NasurullaGanj route.