Bhilwara, which is often referred to as the 'City of Cloth, Culture and Calmness', is located in the Mewar region in the state of Rajasthan. It is believed that this place was named 'Bhilwara' because in ancient times the Bhils lived here. It is at a distance of about 260 km from Jaipur. Towards the north the district touches the Ajmer district, towards its north-west is the Rajsamand district, towards the south and south-east is the Chittorgarh district and towards its east and east-north is the Bundi & Tonk district
Bhilwara-Bhilwara
rajasthan
2408523
Marwari, Hindi, English
September-March
Jaipur-Bhilwara, Udaipur-Bhilwara(Get Directions)
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Rajasthani thali, Daal baati choorma

History

Bhilwara's history can be back to prehistoric period when neolithic culture was flourishing at Bagore village. A pillar said to be of first century BC at Nandsa village is evidence of Vedic rituals and culture. Classical 'Nagar' style of temple architect can be seen at temples of Menaal (Mahanaleshwer), Bijoliya (Raj Gharana of famous Sonal Kanawat), Gurlan, Gadarmala, Momi, Kanpura and Mandalgarh places.When Arjuna was going to Dwarika with all Gopis during Mahabharata period. He was passing through the present Bhilwara region. There was a war of Arjuna & Bhils. Local tradition reveals that it came to be known as Bhilwara because it was mostly inhabited by Bhil tribes in old days. These Bhils were eventually driven away towards the hilly tracts and interior places of less importance by the ancestors of the peasant settlers. It is said to have come up in the middle of the 11th century when a Bhil tribal, supposedly one of the first settlers, built a shiva temple on the site of the existing "Bada Mandir". This is in the area called Purana Bhilwara, the oldest part of the town. If we are to believe this, the town is more than 900  years old and the city assumed its title as a Textile City of India way back in 1961, when first unit to manufacture synthetic yarn was set up in the city. The District and Sessions Court Bhilwara was established in the year 1948 just a year later after India gained its Independence. One of the oldest courts in the Rajasthan Judiciary.Bhilwara's cultural history can be traced back to the Nagar Brahmins mentioned in the Skanda Purana. Bhilwara is known as "the city of textiles & looms". The city has famous Ramdwara of Ramsnehi Sampraday. The sampraday runs Ram Snehi Multi speciality hospital. The founder Guru of the sampraday was Swami Ramcharanji Maharaj, who preached his followers here later, he moved to Shahpura, 50 km from Bhilwara, where the present headquarters of Ram Snehi Sampraday known as Ram Niwas Dham is located.

Geography

Bhilwara is situated between 25°.00' to 27°.50' North Latitude and 74°.03' to 75°.25' East Longitude. It is 100 meters above the sea level. It is 260 km. away from Jaipur. Northern Border of the district touches district Ajmer, North-West Border touches district Rajsamand, South & South-East Border touches district Chittorgarh and East & East-North Border touches district Bundi & Tonk. Banas is only one main seasonal river in the District it's tributaries are Bedach, Kothari & Khari. Other rivers are Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagri.

Environment

The district has an area of 10,455 sq. km, and a population of 2,009,516 (2001 census), which increased 26.14% from 1991 to 2001. Known for its textile Industries. It is bounded on the north by Ajmer District, on the east by Bundi District, on the south by Chittorgarh District, and on the west by Rajsamand District. State Highway (Jaipur-Udaipur) passes through the district, as does a broad gauge railway line measuring 84 km and connecting Ajmer with Khandwa in Madhya Pradesh. The nearest airport is at Udaipur(171 km).The prevailing climate in Bhilwara is known as a local steppe climate. There is not much rainfall in Bhilwara all year long. The Kopen-Geiger climate classification is BSh. The temperature here averages 25.4 °C. About 606 mm of precipitation falls annually.

Infrastructure

National Highway No. 79, part of the Golden Quadrilateral (four lane), and another National Highway No. 76 part of the East West Corridor (four lane) pass through the district. A broad gauge railway line connecting to major main city. The nearest airport is at Udaipur(165 km) - approximately 2.5 hours, by road. The major industry is textiles, with more than 400 manufacturing units in the town. The main textile product is synthetic fabric used in trousers. city has all the facilities like school, hospital, Hotels, power, water etc. Bhilwara receives electricity from Kota, Beawar, Rana Pratap Sagar Power Station (Rawatbhata) and Nimbahera. All 1,565 villages have been electrified.

Architecture

Bijolian Mahakal- The ancient site of Bijolian (Vindhyavali) assumed importance as a holy place for the Jainas and Saivas. Of the two rock inscriptions, the one dated V.S. 1226 belonging to the Chahamanas records the genealogy of the Chahamanas upto the coronation of Somesvara and mentions names of several Brahmanical temples, then existing in Vindhyavali and neighbouring places. One of these temples was that of Mahakala.Bijolian Inscription- The ancient site of Bijolian (Vindhyavali) assumed importance as a holy place for the Jainas and Saivas. Of the two rock inscriptions, the one dated V.S. 1226 belonging to the Chahamanas records the genealogy of the Chahamanas upto the coronation of Somesvara and mentions names of several Brahmanical temples, then existing in Vindhyavali and neighbouring places. One of these temples was that of Mahakala.Kaner ki putli Arch- The ancient name of Bijolian was Vindhyavali. It is situated on the plateau of Uparmal. The group of temples at Bijolian comprises of the Mahakala temple, Hazaralinga temple and Undesvara Mahadeva temple in addition to a well designed kunda called the Mandakini Kund. The temples are of varying periods ranging between eleventh and thirteenth centuries A.D. with Mahakala temple probably being the oldest and conforming to the Gujarat style of architecture. It is a double-shrined temple consisting of two shrines, the main one facing east and the subsidiary one facing south, with a common sabhamandapa, a porch facing west and two small side chambers, one above the other.              

The Hazaresvara Mahadeva or Hazaralinga temple is of a variant Bhumija style of architecture and consists of a shrine and a mandapa. The shrine contains a rather high linga, covered with hundreds of small lingas and hence called Sahasralinga. In the twelfth  century A.D., it was famous by the name of Svarnajalesvara. The inscription with the letters Achintyadhvaja Jogi in the mandapa indicates that this temple was associated with the Pasupata Saiva sect. The Undesvara Mahadeva temple is of the typical Bhumija style with a stellate shrine and sabhamandapa approached from the east, with porches on the south and the north. The sanctum is sunk about 2.4 m below the level of the sabhamandapa floor and water seeping from the Mandakini Kund keeps the linga immersed for most parts of the year.

Culture

Art: Great Indian miniature artist Badri Lal Chitrakar highlights the city on international maps for Indian miniature art. He was given several prestigious awards including the Shilp Guru/Master Craftsperson award by the vice-president of India on 9 September 2006. Badri Lal Chitrakar's grandson, Manish Soni is also a very well known and sought after artist not just in India but around the world.Bhilwara is famous for its 'Phad Paintings' which are depictions of traditional stories on cloth using naturally available colours.Sports: Bhilwara is the source of national basketball team players. Coach Mohit Bhandari is the national coach for basketball. Bhilwara has many other state- and national-level players, some of them being Shankar Lal Gattani, Mahipal Solanki (basketball).      

Shri Yogendra Sharma is an international poet and one of the best poets of India.Bhilwara is famous for KAVI Sammelans (Poet Conference) since 1965 when Dr. Yugal Kishore Surolia held continuously assembly of renowned poets from all over India.

People

In 2011, Bhilwara had population of 2,408,523 of which male and female were 1,220,736 and 1,187,787 respectively. In 2001 census, Bhilwara had a population of 2,013,789 of which males were 1,026,650 and remaining 987,139 were females. Bhilwara District population constituted 3.51 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for Bhilwara District was at 3.56 percent of Maharashtra population.

Famous For

Bhilwara is essentially an industrial town popular for its textiles industries. BHILWARA is called "Zoo of Minerals" for its huge stores of mica, soapstone, copper, feldspar, quartz, white clay and Garnet. Steel plants and glass factories can easily be spotted in and around Bhilwara. Badnore Fort is 70 km from Bhilwara on the Bhilwara Asind road.Kyara ke Balaji has a natural image of Lord Hanuman. It is said that the image spontaneously appeared on the rock. Patola Mahadev Temple,Ghata Rani Temple, Beeda ke Mataji Temple and Neelkanth Mahadev Temple are nearby attractions situated on the beautiful hills of the Aravali mountain range.Mejha Dam: Situated at distance of 17 kms from Bhilwara it is the main Tourist Spot and water reservoir for the Bhilwara Residents

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