The Chhatarpur district was named after the name of the great warrior of the region called Maharaja Chhatrasal. Chhatarpur was founded by great Bundela King Maharaja Chhatrasal Singh Joo Deo in the year 1707.
The territory under Chhatarpur district has been ruled by the Nandas, the Mauryas and the Sungas. Subsequently, Shak, Kushan and Vakataks were the rulers of this territory. The Gupta ruler Samudragupta also occupied this territory. After the downfall of Gupta rulers, the Vardhan dynasty flourished in the region. The great Chinese philosopher, Hieun Tsang came to India during Harshvardhan's period and wrote about 'Chichitp' (Bundelkhand). In early medieval period, Gurjar Pratihars occupied this vast area. Mau-Sahania was the second capital of Pratihara rulers and they constructed many temples in this region. Chandela dynasty was founded by Nannak in 825 AD. His successors were Harsh, Yashovarman Dhanga, Vidhyadhar, Madan Varman and Parmardidev who built several temples in this territory. After Chandela dynasty, the Bundela dynasty occupied the area.
It became a part of the state of Madhya Pradesh on 1st November 1956. The district occupies a central position in Bundelkhand region of the state. Chandranagar is a part of this district and is said to be inhabited by the migrants from the Rajgarh kingdom after its downfall.
The village is situated at the north eastern fringes of Madhya Pradesh. The district is located at longitudes and latitudes of 24.06 - 25.20 degrees on North and 78.59 - 80.26 degrees on East respectively. It is flanked by the Mohoba district (Uttar Pradesh) in the East, Tikamgarh (M.P) in West and Sagar (M.P) in South East. It lies at an average elevation of 305 meters above sea level.
By Road: Chandranagar in Chhatarpur can be reached by road only from the surrounding cities of Khajuraho, Harpalpur, Jhansi and Mauranipur.
By Rail: There is a station situated at Harpalpur on Jhansi Manikpur line. The nearest railway stations are at Khajuraho (45 km), Harpalpur (55 km) Jhansi (125 km), Mauranipur (65 km) and Satna (140 km).
By Air: The nearest airport is situated at Khajuraho, which is also an international airport.
The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by summers from March to middle of June. The average maximum temperature received during the month of May is 43 degrees Celsius & minimum during the month of January is 7 to 10 degrees Celsius. The time from the middle of June to September is that of the south-west monsoons. The normal annual rainfall of Chhatarpur is 1068.3 mm. It receives maximum rainfall during south-west monsoons between June to September. October and November form the post monsoon or transition period.
The district as a whole lies in the Yamuna sub basin of the Ganga basin and is traversed by the left bank tributaries of the Ken & the right bank tributaries of the Dhasen. Paddy, Jowar, Maize, Tuar, Urad, Til groundnut Soyabean, Sugarcane (Kharif) and wheat, Gram, Alsi, Muster, Rai & Vegetable (Rabi) are the main crops. Pyrophite, Dysphor, Okar and 'Chhui Mitti' are the minerals found in the District.
The soils in the district are generally classified into four groups:
- Alluvial soils of north eastern part of the district.
- Red and yellow soil of north eastern parts.
- Mixed red & black yellow soil of central part.
- Medium black soil in the south western extreme of the district.
In Chandranagar, ground water is the main source for drinking water supply as well as irrigation, both in rural and urban areas, using shallow tube and bore wells. Electricity is sparsely available at various times of the day. Infrastructure is inadequate, and most necessities are met by travelling to other areas in the district.
In Chhatarpur District, Nationalized banks, Cooperative banks, Land Development Banks and Rural Development Banks are functioning. SBI, PNB, P&S Bank, Allahabad Bank, BOB, UBI, Canara Bank and RRBs are major banks in the district.
Educational needs are met by other areas in the district. There are 1,964 primary schools, 715 middle schools and 76 High and Higher Secondary Schools in the district. There are only 6 government colleges in the district. In addition to above, there is a Government college of Education, an ITI, a Central School in Chhatarpur block, a DIET Centre and one Novodaya Vidyalaya in Nowgon block of the district.
There are no large scale industries here. The economy is mostly dependent on agriculture and handicrafts. The District also has a Telephone Exchange, a Radio Station (All India Radio) and a Television Relay Centre.
Chandranagar is sparsely populated by rural folk. Their houses are very basic 'kachha houses' with daub or mud wall construction. The roofs are thatched. The houses have front yards where most of the work happens in case of handicrafts. The temporary kilns are also made around this by the potters. The area is specked with temples, ruins and monuments. The Sun Temple of the 13th century and the Aktohan fortress are a few examples.
The language of Chandranagar is Bundelkhandi. Hindi is also widely spoken. Vernaculars include Bharia, a Dravidian language spoken by at least 200,000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script. The local cuisines involve 'Mahua' and fruits like Sathua, Chironchi and Ber. Rotis made of wheat are a part of their staple diet. Pottery, farming and bamboo crafts are part of their lives and livelihood. Hinduism is the predominant religion, followed by Jainism. Major festivals like Shivratri, Diwali, Makar Sankranti and Holi are celebrated with great festivities. The tribal culture is also quite predominant here.
Sun Temple: This was built around 13th century A.D. It is a Pancharathika style temple, which belongs to the later Chandela period. An image of Ganesha is carved on the lintel of the door. The sun idol is believed to be brought to the 'Garbha-griha' (the inner most core of the temple) from some other land.
Fortress, Aktohan: Aktohan is situated about 57 km from Chhatarpur on the Chhaturpur-Laundi road. The area was under the Panna State. Perched on a high mound, the fortress of Bundeli style was built during the reign of Maharaja Hindupat in the 18th century A.D. It is also known as 'Rani-Ki-Garhi'. The two storied structure also has sprawling courtyards.
Khajuraho festival: The world renowned temple town of Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh is designated by UNESCO as a world heritage site for its archaeological and historical monuments. During the months of Feb to March, it draws crowds from India and abroad to a culturally enriched festival of classical dances. The exponents of popular classical dance forms are invited from every part of the country to perform during this week long festival.