Waraseoni is located in the Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh. This small town lies on the banks of the river Wainganga. It is the commercial centre of the district.
Waraseoni-Balaghat
madhya pradesh
23000
Hindi, Marathi
Augest - March
17 km from the district headquarters of Balaghat.(Get Directions)
Auto, walkable distance
~
pooran poli, simple food

History

Waraseoni is a place where all the religions live together. The history has many stories of the region being ruled by the Pawar Kings. As a result, the Pawars form major part of the clan today.

Waraseoni was established around 220 years ago by Vilayat Khan of Newargaon, who wanted to establish a market in his 'Zamindari' (reign). Waraseoni was earlier a hamlet named 'Wara' and this is where the name stemmed out of. It was made the tehsil headquarter in 1931-41. It was also re-formed later by adding a few more towns to it. 

Geography

Waraseoni is located 17 km from the district headquarters of Balaghat. The other nearby villages of the district are Hatta, Beni and Mehndiwada. Waraseoni is situated at 21.75° North latitude, 80.03° East longitude and 282 meters elevation above the sea level.
In the east lies Mandla district, in the west is Bhandara district, the Seoni district in the north and Rajnandgaon to the south.

By Road : Waraseoni is flanked by state highways and equipped with buses which connect it to neighboring towns as well as cities like Gondia, Jabalpur, Raipur etc. It lies 435 kms away from Bhopal, the state capital.
By Rail : It is situated on Narrow gauge line of Jabalpur-Balaghat and Broad gauge line of Balaghat-Gondia section of South-Eastern Railway. 
By Air : The nearest Airport is at Nagpur, around 150 kms away.

Environment

The land has varied elevations, thus creating various natural scenic spots like the valleys and cascading streams in the Wainganga valley. The soil is suited for agriculture and is known to be very fertile due to dense forest cover. Teak, Sal, Saja, Bamboo, Neem and Mahua are commonly found trees.
Waraseoni has a moderate climate. The monsoons span mid-June to September with an average rainfall of 1310 mm (mostly in July-August). Winter spans from November to February and summers from March to June with temperatures from 10 degrees Celsius in winters to 40 degrees Celsius in summers.

Infrastructure

The chief industries are silk production, weaving, dyeing, livestock trading, glass bangle making, brass utensils and agriculture-based industries like rice mills. Dams constructed near the Sonawani hills and the canals from the Wainganga provide water for domestic use and irrigation. There are private and government schools up till higher secondary classes. There is a polytechnic college and a civil hospital. There is a special hospital for 'Bidi' workers as they are exposed to conditions that make them prone to cancer.
Bus stand is located in heart of the city, daily around 100 buses pass through Waraseoni.
Waraseoni has all the basic facilities like Bank, ATM, hospital, collage, Good roads, Shops and hotels.

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Architecture

The skyline of Waraseoni is very rustic, laden with hills, thatched roofs and occasional tile factory chimneys. There are temples by the riverside. The houses are modest single storied houses which are kept spick and span, very much like the town itself. The floors are swept and cleaned with cow dung smears. The verandah is the space for work related activities. Teak wood is used for loadbearing frames, bamboo for rafters and purlins and clay tiles for the roofs. The walls are made of daub construction - mud plaster walls with lime wash, and painted white or blue.

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Culture

Hindi is the primary language of the town. Ganesh Chathurthi, Diwali and Shivratri are celebrated with much aplomb. Celebrations happen with 'Melas' or fairs by the river, Polle or bullock race etc.

The principal deity of the Koshtis (weaver community) is Gajān and or Ganpati, whom they revere on the festival of Ganesh Chathurthi or the fourth day of the month of Bhādon (August). They clean all their weaving implements and worship them and make an image of Ganpati in cow dung, to which they make offerings of flowers, rice and turmeric. On this day, they do not work and fast till evening, when the image of Ganpati is thrown into a tank and they return home and eat delicacies. Some of them observe the 'Tīj' or third day of every month as a fast for Ganpati, and when the moon of the fourth day rises they eat cakes of dough roasted on cow dung fire and mixed with butter and sugar, and offer these to Ganpati.

Wheat roti and rice is a staple diet, boosted by the agriculture in the town. Their lifestyle is very organized and work oriented. Radios keep playing while they work away from 8 am to 6pm. Kabir is a popular figure in the people's beliefs. They deeply revere the Wainganga River.
The occupations include weaving, pottery, Bidi making, leatherwork, tile- manufacture and bamboo work. An interesting fact is that almost all the houses have a parrot kept as a pet.

Dhoti and Kurta is a favorite daily dress for old men, while women like Saare. Old women wear 'Nauvari saree' and cheeks are marked with a small dot and the arms adorned with a representation of the sacred 'Tulsi' or 'Basil'.

People

The people of Waraseoni are mostly Hindus primarily comprising of Koshtis and then Halbas, Marathas, Baniyas and Lodhis. There is a prominent Jain population also. There exists a colony of sorts called the Hyderabadi Mohalla where the Muslims used to be concentrated. The tribal population includes the Gond and Baiga tribes.
The women wear cotton sarees, draped according to the community they belong to. The men wear dhotis and kurtas, and a turban while they wander out. Youngsters have resorted to contemporary wear like the Salwar-Khameez, pants, shirts and t-shirts. A noticeably content bunch of people, they lead a very simple lifestyle. They are known to be very hospitable.

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Famous For

Jain temple on the banks of Bainganga,  Handicrafts and small scale industry like silk weaving, sculpting and clay tiles. A very sweet dish prepared from pumpkin called the 'Buliya' is the delicacy of this place.

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