Bhujodi is located in the Bhuj District of Kutch in Western Gujarat. A town also by the name of 'Bhuj' is located 8 kms away from Bhujodi and is the district headquarters.
Bijodi-Bhuj
gujarat
10000
Hindi, Gujarati, Kutchchi
August-Marc
Bhujodi can be reached from Bhuj town which is 8 km away. Auto Rickshaws, tempos and buses can be availed(Get Directions)
Walking Distances. No transport required.
No hotels are available.
Kutchchi Dabeli is a well-known snack, along with Fafda- Jalebis and Vada-pav

History

The main residents were the 'Rabaris', who have been cattle herders. The originally came from Afghanistan about 4000 years ago, moving down to 'Jaisalmer' and then 'Kutch'. The 'Rabaris' were nomads and would stop wherever they would find a lot of water and space to stay. Having found a temporary place they would construct their 'Bhungas' and cattle sheds. It is said that in 'Bhuj' near the 'Hamirsar' Lake, there lived 'Bhoja' and 'Hamir Rabari'. Once the king of 'Kerakot' was hunting in the area and his hunting dogs were stopped in their tracks by a small rabbit. The king was taken aback by the bravery of the rabbit. He inferred that the land is precious, that even small animals are brave there and decided to annex the region. The king called the 'Rabaris' 'Bhoja' and 'Hamir' to ask whether they would give him the land. They agreed but asked where they would they go if they should have to leave the land. The King told them that they can reside in the vast land nearby. Thus, the land which he gave Bhoja came to be known as Bhujodi and the lake was named after Hamir. Therefore the village was established much before Bhuj. Wherever the Rabaris lived, the Vankars followed.

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Geography

Bhujodi is located in the Bhuj district of Kutch in Western Gujarat. A town also by the name of Bhuj is located 8kms away from Bhujodi and is the district headquarters. The port town of Mandvi is 55 kms away from Bhujodi. The village is a 2km walk further from the Bhuj-Anjar highway and is connected by road. The state capital Ahmedabad is 398kms away.

By Air
The nearest international and domestic airport is Ahmedabad.

By Rail
The new Bhuj railway station is 1km to the north of the Bhuj town. Two daily express trains, the Bhuj Express and the Kutch Express, connect Bhuj to Ahmedabad (8hrs) and on to Mumbai (16hrs.) However, both trains pass through Ahmedabad in the middle of the night, as the schedules are designed to depart and arrive and reasonable hours from Bhuj and Mumbai, not Ahmedabad.

By Road
State transport, luxury coaches, auto rickshaws and taxis are available between all the centers in Gujarat. Bhuj is connected by the state highway upto Bhachau (85 kms) and from there upto Ahmedabad by the national highway number 8A (310 kms). Chakras are big auto rickshaws that shuttle between the town and village making frequent stops. Jeeps travel in the same manner only making lesser stops.

Environment

The region has a tropical monsoon climate with an average annual rainfall of approximately 14inches. The temperature ranges from 2 degrees Celsius in the winter to 45 degrees in the summer. The three main seasons are - summer from February to June, monsoon from July to September and winter from October to January.

Infrastructure

The village is managed by the village 'Panchayat' (local self-government at village level). There are three main schools in the village, out of the three, one is for the 'Rabaris' and the other for 'Vankars'. There is also a CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) school with hostel provisions. A big pond in the village provides water for cattle bathing, washing and other such activities. Drinking water is supplied by the many bore wells in the village. Earlier a massive earthquake struck the village and was the epicenter. Many houses were severely damaged. The 'aritas India Foundation' provided much support by constructing the present day 'Pink houses' in the village.

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Architecture

The houses now are made of concrete and are much more stable. Sheds have been constructed to house the looms. The earlier traditional houses were made of mud and wood. The circular huts of the 'Rabaris' are known as the 'Bungas'. They decorate these huts with mud in traditional patterns called 'Maati ka kaam'. Mirrors are also used to decorate the walls. 

The layout of the village is in a 'Jhampa' pattern. This is a settlement pattern in which a street has all the 'Vankar' houses on either sides of it, leading to a dead end on one side. In this closed set up all the families live inside forming a small colony. The Rabaris have their houses outside of the 'Jhampa'.

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Culture

The Vankars and the Rabaris belong to the Hindu sect and worship Hindu Gods including 'Lord Shiva' and 'Lord Ganesha'. Before any weaving begins, special pujas are performed to worship 'Lord Ganesha'. 

Marriages are held during the Hindu months of 'Vaisakh' after the harvest season is over. Marriages in the same sub-caste, is strictly prohibited. Death is also celebrated with a mourning feast called the 'Parojan'. Every family has a shrine which is of the patriarch of the family. 

The festival of Diwali is enjoyed with much fervor, with lighting of oil lamps called 'Diyas' and drawing of 'Rangolis' in the front yard.  Before Diwali, Vankars stop their work on looms and on the night of Diwali, 'Meriya' custom is observed. The cloth woven between two shawls is taken and is tied to a stick. This is then lit up as a torch called 'Meriya' and fixed in the fields. 

The staple food of the people is 'Rotlis' made of millet and eaten along with butter milk and jaggery. 'Khichchdi' made of mashed rice and dal is also another staple dish. The food is mostly dry and easy to store. 

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People

The Hindu communities of the 'Vankars' and 'Rabaris' comprise the population of this small village. The 'Vankars' belonging to the 'Harijan' caste (scheduled caste), come under the 'Meghwal Marwars'. The 'Rabaris' are categorized into four groups according to their settlement in Kutch - 'Dhebaria', 'Kachchi', 'Pataniya' and 'Waghadia'. 
Majority of the 'Vankars' stick to their family occupation, weaving. If they do not own looms, they work as paid labor for other weavers who own looms. Many of them have taken to alternative jobs like working in factories, 'Chakra' drivers and cattle rearing.

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Famous For

The 'Ramdevji Pir' temple is the biggest temple in the area. Ramdevyji pir belonged to a scheduled caste and was adopted by an heirless king. He strived for the betterment of the craftsmen and is worshipped even today. 

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