Jobat was earlier a princely state. It came under the administration of the Bhopawar Agency subdivision of Central India Agency. In 1901, the state covered a vast area of 339 sq km. The rulers were Hindu and 'Rana' was the title given to the kings. The succession was matriarchal.
The Jobat principality was founded in the 15th century by the Rathore dynasty. In 1948, post-Independence, Jobat came under the Union of India and was incorporated into Madhya Bharat. This later became Madhya Pradesh on November 1st of 1956.
Jobat is a block (tehsil ) is located 29 KM towards East from District headquarters Alirajpur in Western Madhya Pradesh, very near to border of the state of Gujarat. Jobat is located on the banks of Dohi river and has an average elevation of 292 metres. Jobat summer highest day temperature is in between 32 Â° C to 43Â° C and Average temperatures of January is 23 Â° C. The region has babool, mahua, khajur, tar, imli trees.
Jobat is surrounded by Udaigarh Tehsil towards North, Bagh Tehsil towards East, Alirajpur Tehsil towards west, Ranapur Tehsil towards North. It is well connected with Jhabua, Alirajpur, Kukshi by road and you can get daily transportation mediums to reach Dhar, Indore, Ujjain, Bhopal, Dahod, Baroda and many other cities.
By Road: State transport buses are available from Alirajpur- 28 KM, Jhabua- 43 KM, Dohad- 62 KM. its batter to travel by personal taxi in a day time.
By Rail: There is no railway station near to Kasba Jobat, Dahod Is a nearest railway station - 64 KM 4.
By Plane: Nearest airport in Indore Airport- 147 KM from jobat.
Thr city has grown over past few years and now it has a many schools and a government Post Graduate college. A health care center has been opened for medical needs. A colonial church known by the name of 'Schion church' accomodates a large hospital. Jobat has post office, a government bus stand, major banks, ATM, restaurants and few hotels. Water supply is dependent on ground water resources. Well water is used for domestic as well as irrigation purposes. The Jobat dam is also a major source of water for irrigation.
Jobat has many colonial period buildings, yet majority of construction seen in current city is new. Flat concrete houses are very common in Jobat. In the main are of the town majority of buildings have shops in the ground floor of the buildings. Plenty of shops are run in a temporary structure with a cloth shade in the front.
The architecture in nearby villages are very humble and low rise. The houses are of simple brick or mud wall construction, with roofs of wooden or bamboo rafters with clay tiles.
The region is mostly inhabited by tribal population. Bhil people work six days a week and splurge their earnings in the local weekly Haat. They believe in living in present, without storing much wealth and resources for future. There is no gender discrimination in Bhil community; the women enjoy the same stature in society as men. Both sexes are permitted to consume 'mahua' (a natureal intoxicating drink prepared locally with mahua flowers) openly and it is a major part of any ritualistic ceremony. Widow remarriage is permitted in the community and the remarriage takes place during amawas or at the last day of the dark fortnight of the month or on a Sunday. Polygamy is also permitted; men generally take second wife to conceive an heir.
"Bhagoriya" Festival: - This is the festival of joy and fun for tribal. Well, it has many reasons to celebrate nevertheless the season and economic aspect is important.
To celebrate Bhagoriya festival people come back to their home and village from any corner of the country.
"Bhagoriya" festival start before one week of Holi and end to Holi every year.The Bhagoriya festival of Balpur, Sondwa,Chhaltala and Nanpur are very famous and sightly.
In Bakhatgarh village attach with Gujrat Border, the "Gair" in Bhagoriya festival is very special.
Bhagoriya is a special cultural public festival of Alirajpur district. Tourist come from Delhi, Bhopal, Indore and public representative, officers, reporters and foreigners in heavy crowd participate in this festival. However till now it not considered as a tourist place.
But the district's efforts to bring this feature to canvas are required. In Bhagoriya festival tribal youth, children, females are all together. On their traditional drums and "Nagada" called "Mandal" each group seems to be dancing with fun. Especially females dressed with the new clothes and make-up. A characteristic is that in "Bhagoriya" fair females of villages dress same garment. And dance sing terrifically on drum. It is to maintain a specific identity.
Each tribal definitely bear colourful dress on this occasion. In this festival people dance and eat Chilli and Onion "Pakode" and have Ice-cream and cold drinks. One thing is also famous in "Bhagoriya" festival that in this festival male select their life partner by colouring face of life partner and propose to her and after acceptance of female marriage process start.
"Bhagoria" fair is not only important for the tribal youth bus also for regional business and financial aspect.
The ceremonies carried out during marriage are quite different from typical Hindu marriage. During marriage ceremony the bridegroom marks his arrival at the bride's place by striking a Dagger at a specified place. Usually a goat is sacrificed and the groom steps on the blood as he enters the shed. The timing of marriage is decided by the priest. If the wedding takes place on the eleventh day of the Karthik, i.e. at the end of the rainy season, a hut of eleven stalks of Juari is made and the couple walks around the hut, as the marriages are forbidden during this season. No Brahmin is need in such weddings.
After the wedding, the father of the groom wears feminine attire and dances before the whole family. Rose water and powder is sprinkled over the guests, such proceedings are known as 'Phag', as these ceremonies are equally significant compared to Holi festival observed in Phagun. During going away ceremony, the couple sits on two wooden boards and then change places.
Many of the inhabitants are aboriginal. At least 55% of the total population of the district is Bhilala, 21% is Patlya, and 15% is Bhil, with the remaining 9% which is made up by diverse groups. Languages spoken here are Hindi and Gujarati, since Jobat lies very close to Gujarat. Their traditional attire is the Kachla- Ghagra (blouse-skirt) for the women and the men wear a type of lungi and vests. They adorn themselves with ornaments such as the Galsan, Bali, Kade, Hatka etc.
The term Bhil is probably derived from "Bil", a Dravidian term used for a bow. There is a saying in Sanskrit- Bhidanti Iti Bhillah", which means a Bhil is the one who pierces. The Bhils are good marksmen and like to keep bow and arrow and Gofan with them. The young Bhils even kill the fish in small rivers or ponds with bow and arrow. Bhilala, Patalia, Barela and Rathya are principle sub-branches of Bhil tribe. Bhil is such an ancient tribe which finds mention in mythological legends and therein they are referred to as Nishad.
In the Ramayana, a Bhil king acted as boats man to Rama in the early part of his exile from Ayodhya. Shabari, the famous devotee of Rama also belonged to the Bhil community.
The Bhils are basically an agro pastoral people. The means of livelihood of the Bhils has hitherto been marginal agriculture, a certain amount of animal husbandry and seasonal migration as seriously affected the social structure of the Bhils because they tend to migrate as a village rather than as individuals. Employment has been hitherto unknown in the Bhil areas. However, change has begun to occur because of enhanced avenues of employment in the public sector and because of reservation of jobs for tribals. One now finds the Bhils coming into occupations such as government workers, teachers, policemen, forest guards, etc. The migration cycle has also been interrupted and there are more people who are able to stay in their villages and earn a livelihood. The Bhils are fond of ornamentation, including body tattooing, branding, embroidery and bead jewelry and decorative items.
Their language also called Bhilala, is a sub-group of the Bhil language, which belongs to the Indo-Aryan linguistic family. The Bhilala primarily work as farmers, farm servants and field laborers. With a growth in population, most of their land holdings are small and generally non-productive. However, there are a few substantial landholders and a number of Bhilala have even taken government jobs. The Bhilala are known for their multi-colored, embroidered garments. Tattoos are also commonly worn by the villagers.
Jobat has a fort at 4km distance from the main town. There is also a palace and a scion church which one could visit. A Haat bazaar is held weekly in which people from nearby village come to shop for basic commodities.