Scrap metal - Iron and brass sheets are used in making the bells, and is sourced from junkyards.
Copper and zinc shavings- These are used in powdered form to be used as an alloy in strengthening the frame of the bell.
Wooden Tongs - Wooden Tongs are used to handle burning hot metal, and the wood for these tongs is sourced locally from the 'Khirad' tree'.
Soft mud - A soft mud paste is created by mixing mud with water; it is used in the baking process.
Cotton - This is mixed with the soft wet mud to create a good binding material.
Coal pieces - This is used as fuel in the furnace known as 'Bhatti'.
Wood - Also used a fuel in the furnace known as 'Bhatti'.
Takamkhar - It is a powder that is used in melting the metals. It is mixed with the metal and heated.
Tools & Technology
Hathodu - This is s a hammer used in beating the metal pieces to form different shapes. Various sizes and types of hammers are used in this craft.
Kalvaaayee - This is an 'L' shaped metal rod and is use in curving the metal sheets.
Cutter- This is a metal cutter and used in cutting out circles from meatl cheets.
Prakaar - A metal compass used in drawing out perfect circles on the metal sheets to be cut later.
Mori - This a heavy dumbbell shaped metal tool used to beat out the metal.
Jhangdaa - It is a thin and long metal rod with a curved hook end. It is used for placing and removing bells rom the furnace.
Pakkad - This is a metal plier used in handling, bending and cutting metal pieces.
Pavvdi - This a big metal shovel used to add fuels to the furnace fires.
Tawvdi - This is a metal tub and is filled with water. Bells are immersed in it.
Panch Soochi - This is a pointed tool used in punching out holes in the metal sheets.
Tankdaa - This is a nail with a split lower half and is used in joining two pieces of metal together.
Bhatti - This is a furnace and used for melting metal.
A piece of scrap metal is beaten and cut into a rectangular shape. This then bent into a cylinder. The ends which meet are fastened using joinery. No glue or welding is used.
Another flat piece is taken and a circular section is cut off from it, drawn with the help of a compass. This is then placed on a small thick metal nail and beaten into a dome and placed atop the cylinder base. A looped metal rod with a flat end is inserted in through a slit on the dome.
This whole piece is now coated with powdered copper with the help of mud paste. A paste of clay and cotton is made and the bell is wrapped in it. This is then heated in a furnace to fix the powdered copper on the surface of the bells. After heating, this powder melts over the surface, giving it the characteristic texture and holding the parts in a tighter grip.
Once cooled and ready, a wooden piece is attached to the centre of the bell for that characteristic sound which is beautifully sonorous. Denting of the bell to get the perfect pitch is also done by hand, by repeated beating with a hammer. Trained hand ear co-ordination is a skill acquired by years of practice